Burn Marks

Burn marks are discoloration or blackened areas on the surface of the part caused by excessive heat or the presence of trapped air during the molding process.


Burn marks are a common defect encountered in injection molding, characterized by discoloration or darkened areas on the surface of molded parts. These marks occur when the molten material is subjected to excessive heat during the injection molding process, leading to thermal degradation or incomplete combustion. Burn marks not only affect the aesthetics but can also compromise the structural integrity and performance of the final product. Understanding the causes of burn marks and implementing effective preventive measures are essential for manufacturers striving to produce high-quality molded parts. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of burn marks, identifying their root causes, and providing insights into minimizing this injection molding defect.

Causes of Burn Marks

Burn marks occur due to several factors related to the injection molding process:

High Melt Temperature: Excessive melt temperature can cause the material to overheat, leading to thermal degradation and the formation of burn marks. This can occur due to improper temperature settings, prolonged residence time in the barrel, or inadequate cooling of the molten material.

Residence Time: Prolonged residence time in the barrel can subject the material to excessive heat, resulting in thermal degradation and the formation of burn marks. Factors such as slow injection speeds, long cycle times, or material stagnation can contribute to extended residence times.

Injection Speed and Pressure: Inadequate injection speed or excessive injection pressure can cause high shear forces and localized overheating of the material, leading to burn marks.

Poor Venting: Insufficient venting in the mold can trap air or gases released during the injection process. The accumulation of these gases can cause localized overheating and burn marks on the surface of the part.

Material Properties: Certain material properties, such as high melt viscosity, poor thermal stability, or excessive moisture content, can contribute to the formation of burn marks during the injection molding process.


To minimize the occurrence of burn marks and achieve visually appealing molded parts, manufacturers can adopt the following preventive measures:

Melt Temperature Control: Optimize and control the melt temperature based on the material’s recommended processing guidelines. Avoid exceeding the specified temperature limits to prevent thermal degradation and burn marks.

Injection Speed and Pressure Optimization: Optimize injection speed and pressure to prevent excessive shear forces and localized overheating. Achieving a balanced flow of the molten material helps minimize the risk of burn marks.

Mold Venting: Ensure proper mold venting to allow for the escape of air, gases, and volatile compounds during injection. Adequate venting prevents the accumulation of pressure and minimizes the formation of burn marks.

Material Drying: Thoroughly dry the material before the injection molding process to remove any moisture, as excessive moisture can lead to burn marks during molding. Follow manufacturer recommendations for material drying time and temperature.

Material Selection: Choose materials with good thermal stability and suitable viscosity for the specific part design and injection molding process. Consider the material’s melt flow properties and thermal resistance to minimize the risk of burn marks.


Burn marks pose a significant challenge in injection molding, impacting the quality and appearance of molded parts. By understanding the causes of burn marks and implementing preventive measures, manufacturers can effectively minimize their occurrence. Proper control of melt temperature, optimization of injection speed and pressure, adequate mold venting, thorough material drying, and careful material selection all contribute to combating burn marks. By addressing this defect, manufacturers can produce visually appealing, structurally sound, and high-quality molded parts, ultimately improving customer satisfaction, reducing waste, and optimizing overall efficiency in the injection molding process.